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Spices and Flavors; Spice Types, Natural and Artificial Flavors

Spices and flavors are ingredients used to enhance the taste of food, enrich it or suppress bad taste. Taste can be defined as the feeling created by all the characteristics of food that can be perceived with the tongue and nose after it is taken into the mouth. While defining food, it was mentioned that taste is a need for human beings (see Food and…

Colorant Food Additives; Definition, Types and Effects on Health

Color is one of the most important parameters affecting the consumer’s purchase of food. Both the preservation of the existing color and the coloring of the food in a way that does not exist but increases the attractiveness of the food are very common applications in the food industry. Detailed information on the protection of color is given under the title of preservatives (see Preservatives).…

Sweetener Food Additives; Types and Purposes of Use

Sweetness is one of the 6 basic tastes1. Mankind has felt the need to sweeten some of the foods they consume for a very long time. It has long been used to sweeten foods that are very sweet and high in carbohydrates, such as honey and molasses, to sweeten their food. The discovery of granulated sugar by Indians crystallizing sugar from sugar cane in the…

Preservative Food Additives; Purposes of Usage and Types

It is necessary to consider the preservatives of food from two different perspectives. The first is to protect the food from microbial activities; prevent microbial spoilage and prevent the food from becoming microbially unsuitable for health. The second is that to prevent food loses its freshness over time due to its nature, apart from microorganism activities; it should be considered as delaying or preventing the…

Food Additives; Definition, Classification and E Codes

Food additives are added to food during the preparation of food to achieve different purposes such as correcting, improving, protecting, suppressing the structural, sensory and nutritional properties of food or extending the shelf life of the food. Food additives are substances that are not consumed as food alone but are not harmful to health when consumed. In addition, not directly added to the food, but…